Index

Description Liturgical manuscript from the Cistercian Nuns’ Cloister Günterstal near Freiburg im Breisgau, written by various hands, partly in Latin and partly in German. The manuscript is damaged at the end. It was purchased in the year 1782 by the St. Gall monk Gall Metzler (1743-1820), parish priest in Ebringen near Freiburg, which was owned by St. Gall. The manuscript contains, among other texts, readings on the martyrology and on the Rule of Saint Benedict for the month of August in both languages (p. 1-94), Latin Lectiones for August, Latin pericopes from the Gospels from the 10th Sunday after Pentecost with sermons as well as German-language legends of the saints according to the Alsatian Legenda Aurea for the month of August (p. 395-502). Together with Cod. Sang. 1140 and Cod. Sang. 1142, as well as probably six more now lost volumes, this manuscript was part of a large Günterstal lectionary, containing sermons as well as martyrological and liturgical texts. Several pages were already cut out before the pagination at the end of the 18th century.
Language German
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 1141 : Liturgical manuscript with Latin and German texts from the Cistercian Nuns’ Cloister Günterstal near Freiburg im Breisgau
Creator Eusebius, Gallicanus
Description A manuscript compilation written in the 9th century at the Abbey of St. Gall. The manuscript contains, among other items, the Lives of monastic father Antonius (by Athanasius), Paulus, Hilraion and Malchus (all by the church father Jerome), 12 homilies (Predigten) of Caesarius of Arles, additionals tracts by Caesarius and by Pseudo-Caesarius as well as the dicta of Martin of Braga addressed to Polemius entitled “De correctione rusticorum”. The manuscript contains a very large number of quill tests, including two alphabetical verses (“Adnexique globum…” and “Ferunt ophyr…”) and a scribal saying: Scribere discce puer…
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 579 : Vitae sanctorum. Dicta Martini ep. ad Polemium ep. Homiliae s. Caesarii.
Description The Wolfcoz Psalter – one of St. Gallen's earliest examples of illuminated initials of the highest quality.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 20 : Psalterium Gallicanum with Cantica
Creator Isidorus, Hispalensis
Description The earliest manuscript catalogue of the monastery of St. Gall from the middle of the 9th century, followed by a collection of important law texts (capitularies of Ansegis, Lex Salica, Lex Ribuaria).
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 728 : Composite manuscript (collection of capitularies of Ansegis, Lex Salica, Lex Ribuaria)
Description German version of the life of Jesus according to the four gospels, in an Alemannic recension. With colorful initials and 21 filled initials, drawn in pen and usually colored. The scribe and probably also first owner, Rudolf Wirt, gives his name at the end of the text on p. 463 as well as the date of the completion of the manuscript on January 9, 1467. The volume originated in one of the women’s cloisters of St. Gall and came to the St. Gall Abbey Library between 1780 and 1792.
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 599 : Life of Jesus in German
Creator Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus
Description A copy of Aristotle's Categoriae (Categories) and De interpretatione (On interpretation) in Latin with commentaries by Boethius, with translation into Old High German and additional commentaries by St. St. Gall monk and teacher Notker the German († 1022); written during the 11th century at the Abbey of St. Gall. In addition, the manuscript includes copies of two works by Cicero, the Topica and De optimo genere oratorum.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 818 : Aristotle, Categoriae, De interpretatione; Cicero, Topica, De optimo genere oratorum
Creator Epaphroditus, Gromaticus
Description A composite manuscript intended for teaching purposes, written in Mainz during the first half of the 11th century, possibly brought to St. Gall by the monk Ekkehart IV. Ekkehart IV. taught intermittently at the cathedral school in Mainz and added a great many glosses to this manuscript. The codex gathers together a number of texts used in school teaching, for example copies of the commentary of Boethius on Aristotle's De interpretatione, Cicero's Topica, the Geometry I by (pseudo?)-Boethius as well as additional works by Boethius, such as De differentiis topicis, De divisione, De syllogismis categoricis and De syllogismis hypotheticis. At the end of the volume are two brief texts by Ekkehart IV. about the Septem Artes Liberales, (on page 488) verses in praise of Boethius and (on page 490) an allegory based on the Septem Artes Liberales in the form of instructions to a goldsmith.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 830 : Boethius. (pseudo?)-Boethius. Ekkehart IV
Creator Augustinus, Aurelius
Description This copy of the work \\"De baptismo\\" (On Baptism) by the Church father Augustine (d. 430) is significant in terms of textual history; it was produced in the 9th century at the Abbey of St. Gall.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 158 : Augustinus de baptismo contra Donatistas, libri VII.
Creator Prosper, de Aquitania
Description Copy of the \\"Liber promissionum et praedictorum Dei\\" of Quodvultdeus (Pseudo-Prosper of Aquitaine) from the end of the 8th century.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 185 : Liber promissionum et praedictorum Dei
Creator Hieronymus, Sophronius Eusebius
Description Bible manuscript from the time of Hartmut, Vice-abbot ca. 850-872 and Abbot 872-883, containing books of the Old Testament (Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus--also called Sirach, Job, Tobit). A volume of the so-called \\"Grosse Hartmut-Bibel\\".
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 81 : Bible (Prov, Eccl, Song, Wis, Sir, Job, Tob)
Creator Gregorius I, Papa
Description Gregory the Great, Moralia in Hiob (Commentary on Job): commentary on Job 23-27 dating from the time of Hartmut (dean ca. 850-872). Volume 5 of a six-volume series.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 208 : Moralia in Iob (Pars V, Lib. XXIII-XXVII)
Creator Usuardus, Sangermanensis
Description The second-oldest surviving chapter office book of the Abbey of St. Gall, begun in the 12th century and maintained, with the addition of many entries, until early modernity. This volume contains, among other things, lists of the bishops of Constance (736-1318) and the abbots of the cloisters at Reichenau (724-1343) and St. Gall (719-1329), records of brothers who became members of the Abbey of St. Gall, readings and homilies for Sundays and holy days in the chapter assembly of the monchs, a copy of the Rule of St. Benedict, a martyrology complete with death records, tables and explanations for figuring the dates for Easter, and a copy, with continuation, of the St. Gall Annals found in Cod. Sang 915 (Cod. Sang. 915). At the very back: two printed lists of St. St. Gall monks from 1757 and 1798.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 453 : The second-oldest surviving book of the chapter office of the Abbey of St. gall, including, among other items, lists of brothers who joined, the Rule of St. Benedict, a martyrology and death record as well as historical account records
Creator Eccardus I, Sangallensis
Description Antiphonary from the XIIIth century containing chants for the liturgy of the Hours. The melodies are noted using neumes without lines. Essentially, this is a copy of Cod. Sang. 390/391 (“Hartker antiphonary”) completed by saint’s days added after the completion of the Hartker antiphonary.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 389 : Antiphonary
Creator Manfredus, de Aitago
Description This two-part manuscript was written in Italy in the period between the middle of the 13th and the beginning of the 14th century. It preserves writings concerning procedural law, among them the little known Ordo iudiciarius Quoniam ut ait apostolus, as well as finding aids and surveys on decretal law. The manuscript probably came into the possession of the St. Gall citizen Johannes Widembach († 1456) from a Canon from Zurich, and has been held by the Abbey Library at least since the 16th century.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 745 : Johannes de Deo: Liber iudicum · Bonus Johannes: Ordo iudiciarius · Manfredus de Arriago: Tabula decretalium · Dinus de Mugello: Super regulis iuris Libri Sexti
Description This codex, written in the 13th century, contains a lectionary for Matins for the saints’ days and an antiphonary for the entire liturgical year. The antiphonary bears the title In nomine domini incipiunt antiphone secundum morem Marbacensis ecclesie. Nevertheless, this is probably not a manuscript from the reformed monastery of Marbach in Alsace. Based on the offices, which indicate a connection with St. Gall, it must rather be assumed that the manuscript originated in the monastery of the Canons Regular of St. Lawrence in Ittingen, which belonged to the monastery of St. Gall, but which followed the Consuetudines of Marbach. The fly leaf (p. 2/1) contains a large part of the Office of St. Gallus, probably from a manuscript from the 10th/11th century. Readings as well as chants (the latter ones with neumes) are recorded. The order of the responses and antiphons does not match that of the Hartker antiphonary, Cod. Sang. 391.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 437 : Lectionary for the Matins and antiphonary
Description This only surviving copy of the prose story „Frau Tugendreich“ was written by an unknown author in the circle of Emperor Maximilian I in the second decade of the 16th century. The text is a mixture of a ‘Zeitroman’ (a novel giving a critical analysis of an age) and a debate about the value of women or the lack thereof. An external narrative frame presents a discussion between a young narrator beholden to the courtly ideal and his more experienced master, who clings to a traditional view of women, about the value, significance and conduct of women. Unfortunately from p. 196 on, essential parts of the text have been lost due to missing pages. This copy, written in East Swabian dialect by scribe A. S. (p. 219), is dated 1521.
Language German
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 958 : Frau Tugendreich
Creator Amphilochius, Sidetes
Description A composite manuscript containing the lives of the 12 Apostles and lives of additional ancient Roman saints, produced in about 900, probably not at the Abbey of St. Gall. The second and third parts were written in St. Gall during the 11th century and include, respectively, three Sermones (homilies) and two fragmental texts with liturgical content.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 561 : Lives of the Apostles and Ancient Roman Saints / Homilies from St. Gall
Creator Mauritius, Enk
Description This manuscript consists of two-parts bound together; the first part (pp. 3-26) contains a 15th century ritual with instructions for visits to the sick, for spiritual care for the dying, and for burial (this is cut off in the prayer at the coffin on p. 26). The second part (pp. 27-86) consists of two discourses in defense of polyphonic music, composed by St. Gall monk Mauritius Enck (†1575) at the behest of Abbot Diethelm Blarer (1530-1564). These discourses are meant as prefaces to Manfred Barbarini Lupus’ compositions for several voices in Cod. Sang. 542 and 543. Enck defends polyphonic music against widespread criticism, for example for its presumed lascivia („wantonness“), and postulates an ideal for church music consisting of a combination with a chorale as the foundation and figural music as embellishment. Thus he describes precisely the compositions of Barbarini Lupus. At the end of the first discourse (pp. 47-48), Enck names the artists who contributed to Cod. Sang. 542 and 543 as well as the time period of their work on the manuscripts (from 1561 to 1563).
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 443 : Ritual; preface to Manfred Barbarini Lupus’ compositions for several voices in Cod. Sang. 542 and 543
Creator Alcuinus, Flaccus
Description Contains, among other items, the most reliable texts of the vitae of saints Richarius, Dionysius, Gregory the Great, Leodegarius, Vedastus, Nazarius, Mark the Evangelist, Kosmas and Damian.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 563 : Vitae of ancient Roman and Franconian saints
Description Bible manuscript from the time of Abbots Waldo (782-784) and Werdo (784-812) containing books of the Old Testament. A more recent part containing the books of Proverbs and Job dates from the first third of the 10th century.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 12 : Bible (Prov, Job, I-II Macc, IV Macc)
Creator Ambrosius, Mediolanensis
Description Copy of an exegesis of the Gospel of Luke (Homilies on the Gospel of Luke) by the church father Ambrose, produced at the Abbey of St. Gall in the 10th century. Includes numerous glosses by the hand of the monk Ekkehart IV. (d. about 1060). Also includes the Latin work in verse \\"Nectaris Ambrosii redolentia carpito mella\\" (Grasp the fragrant honey of ambrosian nectar), mentioned by Ekkehart IV. in his \\"Casus sancti Galli\\", the history of the Abbey of St. Gall.
Language Latin
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Title St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 96 : Ambrosius, Homiliæ in evang. Lucæ, libri X.